#historybuff

Today, 1992: NASA launches the failed Mars Observer, which photographed the planet but lost contact three days before entering its orbit.

#nasa #todayinhistory #history #mars #marsobserver #space #spacecraft #1992 #historybuff #historygeek #spaceship #retro #orbit #vintage @nasa #igersoftheday #ig_photooftheday #photooftheday #oldschool #september25 #sept25

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"🇵🇱 Polska's last and largest Destroyer" •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• First photo - The ORP Warszawa (1968) during a naval training exercise, date unknown. -------------------------------------------- 🇵🇱ORP Warszawa (1968) (formerly the Soviet Smelyi) was a large guided missile destroyer of the Polish Navy, one of the last ships of the modified Kashin class. She was built in the 61st Communard's Shipyard in Mykolaiv, Soviet Union, for the Soviet Navy. Commissioned in 1969, she was one of the ships of the CKB-53 class, dubbed Kashin-class destroyers by NATO. The ship was among the largest destroyers of the time; with 4950 tonnes of displacement she had similar displacement to many World War II light cruisers. The flexible design allowed the ships of her class to serve as multi-purpose vessels rather than standard guided missile destroyers. Among the capabilities of the class were anti-surface and anti-submarine missions, convoy escort, long-range bombardment and a variety of other roles. The ship's armament was almost fully automated and was one of the first such ships in the Eastern Bloc. Between 1972 and 1974 the ship was modernized to the new 61MP standard, dubbed the modified Kashin class by NATO countries. The modernization included a complete refurbishment, change of armament and mounting of detection and fire control systems. -------------------------------------------- In 1987 the ship was leased by Poland as a replacement for the obsolete Kotlin class Warszawa. Smelyi was therefore renamed Warszawa on transfer in 1988. Between 1992 and 1993 she was permanently transferred to Poland (along with the submarines Dzik and Wilk) in exchange for Soviet debts at the Polish Navy Shipyard in Gdynia. After 16 years of service in the Polish Navy, she was designated to be sold. In the end, no country was interested in purchasing the ship, and finally she was sent to the Navy's reserve. After two years in reserve she was sold for scrap. Breaking up was completed by the Gdańsk Shipyard. ⬇️⬇️ continued

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I had this professor last semester and decided to take another one of his courses! He does an awesome job teaching so I surprised him with a custom made #HistoryBuff shirt courtesy of #zakeydesigns by #ZakeyPeterson #zakeydesignsbyzakeypeterson #clothingbrand #entrepreneur #designedbyzak #tshirtdesign #jersey #newjersey #details #black #white #red #creativedirector @zakeydesigns #rockzak #blackownedbusiness #ZAKstar #fashion #mcc #middlesexcountycollege

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American soldiers prepare a captured German 88mm gun for firing against its former owners while a half-track that originally belonged to the Germans brings ammunition forward.
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The Marshall House Hotel on Broughton Street is one of the oldest hotels in Savannah, Georgia, and with that distinction comes a colorful past filled with enchanting charm. The Marshall House has retained some of the original architectural features, such as the beautiful brick walls and glamorous staircase. One thing that makes the Marshall House so unique is that unlike other historic hotels in Savannah, the Marshall House was not originally a house but was built with the specific purpose of being a hotel. Mary Marshall built the hotel in 1851, on land that she'd inherited from her father, Gabriel Leaver, who was a French cabinetmaker. The Marshall House is widely considered by architectural historians to be the finest structure Mary Marshall ever built.

During the Civil War, The Marshall House was occupied by the Union and used as a hospital until the end of the war. It was also used twice more as a hospital during the yellow fever epidemics of the 19th century, and many believe ghosts still roam the 165-year-old structure. When the hotel was restored in the late 1990s, workers were replacing some damaged floorboards downstairs when they found human remains. The area became a crime scene, but soon it was learned that the downstairs had once been the hospital's surgery room, leading historians to believe that the bones which were discovered came from the amputated limbs of Civil War soldiers. - ghostcitytours.com
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#historybuff #haunted #hotel #savannah #travel #prono #projectnomad #wheretonext

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A German Mauser 13 mm anti-tank rifle being admired by some Canadian soldiers and the crew of a RTC Mk.V tank during the Battle of Amiens August 1918. The Mauser 13 mm anti-tank rifle was the world's first anti-tank rifle and the only anti-tank rifle to see service in World War1 about 15,000 would be produced.
#history #war #warhistory #warphotography #military #militaryhistory #army #historychannel #historygeek #historybuff #historian #historiansunion #worldwar1 #ww1 #wwi #thegreatwar #combat #retro #classic #vintage #photography #canada #tank #germanhistory #colorized

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This photo of American President Abraham Lincoln taken in February of 1865 by Alexander Gardner easily shows how worn President Lincoln had become due to the stresses of the American Presidency, the American Civil War, the loss of 600,000 American lives on both sides of the conflict and the loss of one of his children... all in just a mere four years. Alexander Gardner's studio, Washington DC. February 5th 1865. President Lincoln would tragically be assassinated just a mere two months after this photo was taken.

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On this day President Eisenhower, called for the Little Rock Nine to be escorted to school by federal troops. Marking the end of separate but equal in schools, and the start of the civil rights movement. A republican -president Eisenhower- told us that being separate is never equal. All men are created equal says the constitution. Our current republican president, President Trump has done nothing in that aspect to defend the constitution during the Nazi rally. I am not Republican/Democrat. I just hope that the next president can be as presidential as Eisenhower delivering that speech was. JUST SOME HISTORY LESSON #unitedstatesofamerica #onthisday #presidentoftheusa #theusconstitution #equal #trump #littlerocknine #history #americanhistory #historybuff

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Ever wondered what was in Richelieu's superstructure? Swipe left and check out author John Jordan's excellent plan-view drawings of each level. Please note that by posting his illustrations here I do not in any way intend to infringe on his copyright; I instead highly recommend you pick up a copy of his book with Robert Dumas, "French Battleships 1922-1956." The photo is a close-up of Richelieu, circa 1948.
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The evolution of fire control, essentially catapulted by HMS Dreadnought's range-centric design, would eventually lead to these mega structures. Note that on her fuzed stack/mainmast/aft superstructure the top-most enclosure is a rotating fire control director. Similarly her main control tower sports two stacked vertically, an arrangement proven fragile in 1940 at Dakar.

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Some pictures of my walking tour through Glasgow. The cathedral, Tontine Heads, Duke of Wellington (pylon intact with the special addition of a garter), and a mural for the Commonwealth Games. What a rich history. #historybuff #seetheworld #thestatuealwayslookslikethat #studyabroad #inmyelement #Glasgow #Scotland #imthebestwilkinsonsibling

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I seriously could live here. In love 💗with this time period and all the history here. -Marie-Antoinette’s reconfiguration of the Trianon gardens can be divided into two distinct phases. The first, starting in 1777, corresponds to the creation of the English Gardens. Subsequently, in 1783, she tasked Richard Mique with extending the gardens to the north and building a whole model village around an artificial lake. Work began in the summer of 1783 and was completed in 1786. The Queen’s Hamlet does not belong to any particular style, combining as it does various influences from rural architecture, but it does succeed in creating a sense of aesthetic coherency. The cottages are set on the eastern bank of the lake, arranged in a crescent formation which is ideally viewed from across the water.

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Take a trip back in time with a visit to one of these fascinating archaeological sites. bit.ly/ancientruins

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Austro-Hungarian Infantry during the Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo on September 10, 1917. Three of these four men are wearing the Austrian-designed Berndorfer variant of the Stahlhelm. 139,968 of these were produced between May and November 1917.

Royal Italian Army Chief of Staff Luigi Cadorna committed 52 divisions (¾ of his entire troop strength) to the eleventh operation to rock the Isonzo region since the summer of 1915, with hopes of breaking the Austro-Hungarian lines into two and isolating their strongpoints at Mount Saint Gabriel and Mount Hermada. The defense of the Austro-Hungarians turned out to be greater than Cadorna had anticipated, and even after his armies had managed to push back the Austrians in some places, they were unable to break the aforementioned strongholds, and the battle wore down to a halt in the second week of September 1917. The 11th Isonzo operation had, if nothing else, worn down the Austro-Hungarians considerably, to the point that another major assault by the Italians would've probably been the defeating blow. They also had virtually no assistance from the Germans. But the Italians were unable to muster the required resources, therefore rendering them unable to carry out such an attack. Additionally, the fighting in August and September had worn down a section in the Italian lines where the Second Army was positioned, something the Central Powers would come to decisively exploit in the final campaign in October.

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Women Bowling, 1900.
Photograph by William M. Vander Weyde. #bowling
#thehistorywire #historynerd #historic #historybuff #historyinpictures #historical #historylover #history

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"Historic Oak: In 1840 some of the first outdoor presidential campaign meetings were held here to elect Harrison featuring FREE HARD CIDER AND FIERY SPEECHES." I 💚my job! #presidentharrison #campaign1840 #historybuff #freecider #tippecanoeandtylertoo #logcabincampaign #presidentialcampaign #ilovehistory #historyforsale #ushistory #oldtip #vintagesign #historicalmarker #firstmoderncampaign

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"Any boss who sacks anyone for not turning up today is a bum!" 🏆⛵🍾
Bob Hawke - Australian Prime Minister.
#americascup #sailing #australiaii #australia

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The final moments of this Japanese Yokosuka D4Y Suisei plane and its Kamikaze pilot are shown in this photo mere moments after being hit directly by gunners from the USS Hornet. Most likely somewhere near Okinawa, March 18th 1945.
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Have you ever read the Declaration of Independence 📝 in its entirety? I hadn't until last week 😱 Pretty sure U.S. #history would have been a bit clearer if I had taken time to find out what the issues were in elementary school. Now that I'm equipped, I'm happy to talk about tariffs, legislative bodies, and standing armies. Let me know if you want to discuss it over a cup of #tea! ☕️😂 #historybuff #america #landofthefree

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American and Soviet airmen are shown writing messages for the Axis Powers on bombs that would later be dropped by American and Soviet aircraft. Poltava Airfield, Poltava Oblast, the Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union. Circa June 1944.

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A large group of German soldiers including men of the 21st Luftlande Division, 9th and 10th SS Panzer Divisions "Hohenstaufen" and "Frundsberg" and men of an unknown Heer unit, chatting amongst each other prior to the battle of Arnhem, September, 1944

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A beautiful #LivingHistoryDay in Hawai'i nei.
#WeekendReview #BlessUp #Scroll👉🏽 #"MyLifeIsDopeAndIDoDopeShit"-Yeezy #HistoryBuff #AviationJunkie

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The amphibious invasion of Iwo Jima by United States Marines is shown as it starts to commense, officially beginning the Battle of Iwo Jima between the United States and the Japanese Empire. Iwo Jima Island, February 19th 1945.

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The barracks at the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz II - Birkenau. There were three camps at Auschwitz, and together over 1.5 million people were murdered there from 1940-1945. Right now I have no more words to talk about it. You can see more from my trip today in my story. 🔝

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on this day in 1789, the first Congress of the United States approves 12 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, and sends them to the states for ratification. The amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, were designed to protect the basic rights of U.S. citizens, guaranteeing the freedom of speech, press, assembly, and exercise of religion; the right to fair legal procedure and to bear arms; and that powers not delegated to the federal government were reserved for the states and the people.

Influenced by the English Bill of Rights of 1689, the Bill of Rights was also drawn from Virginia’s Declaration of Rights, drafted by George Mason in 1776. Mason, a native Virginian, was a lifelong champion of individual liberties, and in 1787 he attended the Constitutional Convention and criticized the final document for lacking constitutional protection of basic political rights. In the ratification process that followed, Mason and other critics agreed to approve the Constitution in exchange for the assurance that amendments would immediately be adopted.
In December 1791, Virginia became the 10th of 14 states to approve 10 of the 12 amendments, thus giving the Bill of Rights the two-thirds majority of state ratification necessary to make it legal. Of the two amendments not ratified, the first concerned the population system of representation, while the second prohibited laws varying the payment of congressional members from taking effect until an election intervened. The first of these two amendments was never ratified, while the second was finally ratified more than 200 years later, in 1992.

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Are you an #artlover or #historybuff ? Then you may want to consider seeing the Byzantine Mosiacs in the 5 #churches in #ravenna. These wonderful mosiacs have retained their brilliance and color over time and reflect images of beliefs from the earliest #christian era. Ravenna is a Unesco World Heritage site. The two best mosaic churches are #santapollinare and #sanvitale ....See #Mosiaics such as The Wise Men Bearing Gifts, #Christ and the #Apostles, #Saints paying tithe to #Melchizedek The saints in their temple robes receiving their crowns of glory from the Lord. The mysterious #Temple Veil with hands and so forth. It is amazing to just stare at all of the art and these stories in #mosiaic #art that was done by artisan hands so long ago. #italy #exploreeverywhere #exploreeverything #hiking around the churches is easy in the #pedestrianzone #lds #ancientart

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On this day in history, September 25th 1944, the surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem in the Netherlands, marking Operation Market Garden's failure and the end of the Battle of Arnhem. Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's ultimate goal was to encircle the Ruhr, Germany's industrial heartland. The territory captured by Operation Market Garden was to form the northern end of a pincer. The Operation consisted of two parts. The first was "Market", the airborne forces that would be dropped in to secure vital bridges and roads for the second part, "Garden", the ground forces that were to advance north through the country and secured roads and bridges. The airborne forces throughout the country largely landed away from their objectives and they all encountered greater German resistance than expected. At Arnhem, the point farthest north, the paratroopers siezed their target, but delays in capturing bridges and roads to the south delayed the advance of the infantry force. Because of this, the men at Arnhem were surrounded and isolated by a numerically superior German force without infantry reinforcement. A large number of the encircled men were able to be evacuated, but the First Airborne lost about three fourths of its strength and was so weakened that the unit did not see combat again. The defeat, when considered in light of the great human and material cost of the Operation, has since made Operation Market Garden one of the most controversial battles of the Second World War. #abridgetoofar

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